Why study Color
Color like music, is an international language. Throughout the world, birds, animals, trees, flowers, jewels, signals and many other objects are identified by their coloring. Color is perhaps the most powerful tool at the disposal of an artist. It affects our emotions beyond thought and can convey any mood. It can be subtle or dramatic, capture attention or stimulate desire. Color bathes our vision with an infinite variety of sensations. Working with Color, exploring its characteristics and potentials, carefully observing how Colors work together will help us to discover the realities of Color and the journey is endless. Color is perhaps both the most emphatic and the most subjective element in interior design & exterior design.
1.HUE: Hue or the Color name is that characteristic that sets each Color apart from all the others.
a) Primary hues: red, blue & yellow. These cannot be created by mixing any other hues together.
b) Secondary hues or (binary): Green, violet and orange. Each of these stands mid-way between two primary hues of which it is product.
c) Tertiary or intermediary hues: yellow-green, blue-green, blue-violet, red-violet, red-orange and yellow-orange. These stand mid-way between a primary and a secondary hue of which they are products. Hues are changed, or new ones produced, by combining neighboring hues e.g. Red becomes red-violet when combined with violet. If more violet is added, the hue would change again.
2.Value: It is defined as relative lightness or darkness. Value gradations are determined by the amount of light the Colors reflect. There are 10 steps on the value scale with white at the top given the number of 10 and black at the bottom with 0. In a room all light values will make it look bright, airy and cheerful but if not handled skillfully then it will look cold and clinical. If the room is decorated with all dark values, then it will result in sense of security and solidity but if not handled properly then the room many look gloomy and claustrophobic. Sharp contrasts of dark and light look dramatic and stimulating and emphasize the shapes of furnishings. A few middle values are usually needed to provide a transition and avoid harshness.
3.Intensity Any hue can vary in its purity and strength – in other words, the degree to which it differs from gray. E.g. Pink is always red in hue and light in value but it can be pure pink or neutralized grayed pink. A pure hue is at its fullest intensity, as on Color wheel. Tone is often used to described intensity; a jewel tone is a brilliant Color while muted tone denotes a grayed Color. Scale of intensity can have many or few steps. Full intensities which are possible only at normal value of each hue, are described as high or strong, the more neutralized ones as low or weak. Intensities can be heightened by adding more of the dominant hue.
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